Skip to content
Home » The Best Reasons To Use Relays

The Best Reasons To Use Relays

Relays are electrical parts that are used frequently in the majority of electrical circuits and systems. Like all components they have distinct advantages and disadvantages in being utilized in the electrical circuit or system. In this article, we’ll review the benefits relays provide, and then we will look at the drawbacks that they can bring.

Let’s take an overview of the benefits relays provide:

Relays perform many different functions when they are part of the electrical network or system. Some of the things they can be performing include switching between, separation, amplification or the process of multiplying.

Its Operation is Simple

If you are learning you can operate the relay, or applying it to the procedure is very straightforward. The current flowing from the power source powers the relay’s coil that in turn generates magnetic fields that draw attention to an internal lever which turns the contacts. Relays are usually controlled using low currents, but they are able to control larger circuits they are able to operate with these small amounts of current.

Isolation and Separation of Circuits

Relays guarantee an uninhibited protection between the control circuit as well as the load circuits when they are used in specific applications. Relays can be used to isolate both the controller circuit and circuits that have loads on it. Relays aren’t just an instrument for controlling and monitoring, but they are also utilized for safety-related applications.

Small in Size

Relays are usually small components they can integrate into many panel and circuits for control. Instead of having a variety of coils and contacts, relays combine all this into one unit comprised of an underlying unit and a relay. Sometimes, these relays can be interchangeable because they are connected to an existing base.

Easy to troubleshoot

Relays are extremely simple to test and conduct tests for faults. The wiring diagram of a relay can either be found printed on the side of the relay or in the operation/installation manual. Since relays are low-cost components, they are easily repaired to eliminate them as a cause of concern. A button could also be situated on the top of the relay that can be used to operate the relay’s contacts.

Control Of more than one component

Relays can be utilized in systems to control up to four distinct switching programs. They are able to switch more than one contact at the same time. This reduces space and provides more possibilities when creating an electrical circuit. The relay’s output contacts are able to be utilized for switching between components or load circuits which may be of different levels of current or voltage.

Low-Cost Components

Relays are fairly inexpensive electrical components. Due to their price and easy use, relays can be found in an array of electronic circuits as well as systems.

Ease Of Installation

Relays are very simple electrical components to set up. Relays or bases for relays can be put on din rails. Certain types of switch relay can be interchangeable. This means that should the coil or contact fail the relay is able to be replaced without disconnecting wires.

The Ease of Cable Termination

Relays usually have a variety of different methods for cable termination. There are a variety of options, which include screws, forks and spring-style termination techniques. The method of termination used on the relay is usually safe and guards against cables falling out when placed in areas that are prone to vibrations. Relays designed to work on PCBs feature pins that are able to be soldered onto the PCB.

Useful To Switch AC or DC

Relays are able for switching AC as well as DC loads based on the specifications and kind of relay.

Relays Last a Long Time

Relays are generally longer lifespans and do not require replacement on a frequent basis. If your relay needs to be changed frequently, it may indicate a problem with the circuit, or it may be the wrong relay for the task. A typical life expectancy of a relay is 1 to 1.5 million cycles.

It is possible to provide multi-voltage inputs.

Relays are able to provide multi-voltage inputs. This means that a variety of inputs can be applied to the exact relay. This could reduce the quantity of stock, and create confusion for anyone replacing defective components. There are a variety of voltage input levels is available for relays.

Amplification of Voltage

Relays are able to operate at low levels of voltage and are used to control circuits using larger voltage levels. A good example is an AC relay with a voltage of 24 V. It can be used to regulate the circuit that has an AC load of 230 V within it.

Contact Operation is Visible

There are relays that have LEDs on them, which indicate if the contacts are switched on or not. It is also possible to see this simply by taking a look at the relay, however the use of LEDs helps in this process. Test buttons are frequently located on top of a relay , which can be used to control the contacts when it is pressed.

Maintenance Free

Relays are electrical parts which require no maintenance. After they’ve been connected to a circuit or system, they are able to sit and work repeatedly.

The disadvantages of relays

Relays can also have negatives, in addition to the numerous benefits they offer. Some of the most well-known drawbacks are:

Contacts wear over time

A relay is the combination of mechanical and electrical components. Like all mechanical components that move in time, they’ll wear out. It is important to take this into account when fault finding or creating the circuit.

Low Operating Speed

Relays ‘ operation speed is typically rather slow when compared to other components, such as transistors. This is because they require mechanical movements that take time.

Are impacted by environmental Factors

Factors like water, dust, and pollution can significantly affect the ageing of a relay. Relays must be housed in water-tight, dust-proof panels so that they won’t be exposed to these elements. Ingress of water or dust can cause a significant impact on the springs as well as internal parts of the relay.

Relays Can Generate Noise

Certain larger-sized relays may create some noise as they switch between contacts. It isn’t an issue for smaller relays which are situated in electrical panels.

Relays are only used In Circuits that utilize low Currents

The working voltage that a relay operates at typically will vary from 12 V at 230V. They typically handle current levels that vary in the range of six A up to 15 A.

It is not able to be exposed to levels of extreme vibration or temperature

The effectiveness of a relay could be significantly affected by high levels of vibrating and temperature, or in situations where it will be subjected to oil or grease. The use of top-quality relays is recommended for these purposes since they have greater overall performance.