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Key Mortgage Phrases you Need to Know

The mortgage can be described as a term used to describe a long-term loan used to purchase land or a property. The loan will be repaid in addition to interest over between 35 and 35 years. A mortgage is one of the largest and most expensive financial product that people purchase, therefore it is crucial to know the terms and choose the best mortgage for your needs. Additionally, because mortgages Northern Ireland are secured on the house, should it is not able to meet the repayments on your mortgage, the lender could take possession of the property. Make the wrong decision and even when you don’t forfeit the property, you could be paying hundreds of thousands of dollars more than you have to pay in interest and fees.

Different kinds of mortgages

Fixed rate

When you take out the fixed-rate mortgage the interest rate is set over a time period typically one three, five, or 10 years. This means that your monthly payment will remain exactly the same over the period regardless of whether your Bank of England base rate fluctuates up or down. These mortgages are most suitable for those who are willing to pay a little more in order to have the assurance of knowing precisely what they’ll be paying every month.

Variable rate

If you have a variable rate mortgage your interest rate may change from month to month, based on external influences. There are two types of mortgages:


They have the interest rate which is ‘tracked either that of the Bank of England base rate or your lender’s regular interest rates. If you opt for a mortgage that is based on your base interest rate your interest as well as the amount you have to pay every month, will be affected when you decide that the Bank of England changes the base rate. For instance an interest rate on a tracker loan could be 1% higher than the base rate. In the case of a base rate that is 0.5 percent, you’ll pay 1.5 percent. Therefore, if the base rate increases to 2.5%, you’ll pay 2.5 percent. If your mortgage is tied to the standard rate set by your lender also known as the’standard variable rate’, or SVR, what you pay will depend on the lender’s preferences. In general, SVRs move upwards and downwards in accordance with base rates. However, the lender is able to alter the rate at any time it feels is appropriate.


It is a variable rate mortgage that follows the lender’s SVR, however many percent lower. As an example it could be 1% of the SVR. Therefore, if your lender’s SVR is 3.3%, you’ll pay the equivalent of 2%. Variable rate loans could be a good option if you wish to make a smaller payment now, but are willing to risk the possibility of your monthly payments increasing in the event that the interest rate you’re monitoring moves upwards.


A mortgage offset lets you connect to your savings account or sometimes your current account too with your mortgage, so that it only pays interest for the amount that is different. For example, if you have a mortgage of PS100,000. with savings between PS20,000 and PS1,000, you’d only be charged interest on the PS79,000 mortgage amount if you connected the accounts to each other. Offset mortgages are a great option for those with a substantial amount of savings . The best benefit of offset loans is you are able to enjoy lower interest rates (as they would be if you paid off large portions from your loan) however, you are able to have access to your savings any time you want, giving you the most benefits of both. Offset mortgages are an excellent option for people who has an abundance of savings, or for self-employed people who accumulate funds to pay their taxes every year. If you’re one of them, an offset mortgage can reduce the amount of interest not paid in your home than the interest you get from an ordinary savings account.


Purchase-to-Let (BTL) mortgages have been made for landlords looking to buy a house for rent to tenants. They’re more expensive than regular residential mortgages due to the fact that the banks consider rental properties to be more risky. However, in the event that you intend to lease out your home with a mortgage, then you need an BTL mortgage. BTL mortgages are almost exactly like conventional mortgages, like you can pick between either a fixed or variable interest rate. However, the amount you can borrow will be contingent on the expected rental income of the property and not your own personal earnings. Additionally, BTL mortgages generally require more of a security deposit than other types of mortgages.

Important Mortgage Phrases You Need to Be aware of

First-Time Buyers

If you’ve never lived in a house previously, you’re first-time buyers (FTB). There are many lenders who offer special rates for FTBs to get to get you on the ladder of property (and transform you into an ongoing customer). Be on the look out for mortgages that are specifically designed for FTBs.


This happens the case when you get an additional mortgage to repay the existing mortgage. The primary reason you take out a new mortgage is to save cash. As an example, you may be paying a fixed rate for two years rate and you notice your payment increases (normally up to the lender’s SVR) after the fixed term expires. In this case, you might think about remortgaging in order to lower your rate. A few people also refinance to get more money so that they could pay debts or to fund home renovations.


This is the process of transferring your loan from one location to another property, which allows you to relocate without having to remortgage. Some mortgages do not permit transfer, therefore if this is something you are considering, you should consider, you need to review your terms prior to you apply for an mortgage.

Loan-To-Value (LTV)

You’ll hear this phrase often when searching for the best mortgage. It is how much the bank will lend you in a percentage of how much your property is valued. For example, if your house is valued at PS200,000, and you’ve got a deposit of PS40,000 and you want to borrow PS160,000, or 80 percent of the value of your house. That means your LTV is 80percent.

Mortgage Fees: How Paying them can save you money

No matter what type of mortgage you decide to take You’re likely to be confronted with a significant arrangement fee that is around 1000 or higher. It can be paid in advance or added onto the mortgage, meaning you’ll have to pay interest for it for as long as 35 years. There is also the possibility of having to pay booking, legal and valuation charges. You could get a better deal by paying the fee for a lower interest rate. Some lenders also offer no-cost mortgages, which could appear appealing. You’re saving about 1000 pounds by not making the fee…aren’t you? In actuality, fee-free mortgages typically offer higher rates of interest. This means that you can reduce your expenses by paying fees for lower interest. If a mortgage that is fee-free will be cheaper for you will depend on the amount of the loan as well as the charges you would otherwise have to pay.

What are the requirements to obtain a mortgage

A Deposit

You must save the money to obtain credit, the larger the more. If you make 10% of your deposit then your mortgage will amount to 90 percent of the property’s worth. This is known as value-added ratio (LTV). The less the LTV is, the higher the interest rate you’ll qualify to receive.

A good credit history

A lender will examine your credit report when you are applying for a mortgage. They’ll want to know how you’ve dealt with borrowing money previously and whether you have paid your bills punctually. The more credit-worthy you are, the lower the interest rate that will receive for your mortgage.

Evidence of Financial Affordability

Mortgage lenders will determine whether you’re able to pay for your mortgage. In order to determine this, they will look at your earnings and expenses. If you’re employed, they’ll be looking for your pay slips or if you’re self-employed they’ll need to look over your financial statements for a number of years. They will then look over your financial obligations and determine how they’ll lend you.

A Possible Home

The mortgage company may offer a’mortgage in principle’ prior to you having decided on the home you want to live in. However, they will not give you the money until they’ve conducted an assessment of the property you’re planning to purchase. This is to verify that it’s worthy of the amount you plan to spend for it, so that they can ensure they be able to get their money back in the event that they ended up having to take possession of your home.

Paying off your mortgage

If you’re taking out a loan, you’ll sign terms to the lender of your mortgage. It specifies how long you’ll need to pay back the loan. The standard term is 25 years. most common mortgage term, however most lenders will allow terms as long as 35 years. If you are able to repay the loan quicker then you may agree to with a shorter period. The mortgage lender will inform the monthly installments you have to make in order in order to pay back the loan before the expiration of the period.

Two parts of mortgage repayments:

Capital The capital is the money you took out.

Interest is your payment to the lender.

There’s two different ways that you can pay back a mortgage:

Repayment – This is when you’ll pay off a portion of the capital as well as some of the interest every month. This means that at the conclusion of the term you’ll own the property in full.

**Interest-only ** means you only pay the interest every month, so your monthly payments will be less. However, the biggest disadvantage will be that by the conclusion of the period, you’ll be liable for the loan you took. For this reason mortgage lenders will insist you have a plan in place – such as an investment – to repay the capital.Interest-only is also more expensive in the long-run as you are paying interest on the full loan for the entire length of the mortgage. Contrarily, with a repayment mortgage, the amount of interest that you are paying gradually decreases when you pay back the capital.

If you are in arrears with the mortgage payment you make monthly it’s known by the term “arrears”. If you don’t settle the arrears as requested by the mortgage lender, it could lead to the repossession of your home.